A doctor shows the x-ray image of a lung (the Icon). Stefanie Tücking died of a pulmonary embolism.
The presenter, Stefanie Tücking died last week suddenly of a pulmonary embolism. She was 56 years old. A pulmonary embolism can be a meeting of the German society for vascular medicine, according to every. “You should now, however, due to a tragic individual case, not in too big of a worry expire and are afraid that the same fate out of the blue comes,” said Gunter Schmidt, chief of emergency medicine at the Asklepios clinic in Altona, Hamburg, to another case, the star reported. A pulmonary embolism can have many causes – genetic, as well as the own life-style induced. The star answers the most important questions on the subject.
What is a pulmonary embolism?
In the case of a pulmonary embolism, a blockage of blood vessels in the lungs. The most common cause of thrombosis. “This is a blood clot, the veins often of the leg or the pelvic area is derived, can be solved, and through the heart into the lungs,” says intensive care physician Schmidt. In rare cases, air or fat, that enters for example during an Operation in the blood can block the arteries of the lungs. The embolism can be life-threatening, because the blood clot the oxygen supply is restricted. Also, the heart is burdened because it has to pump against an increased pressure.
What signs are there?
Signs of venous thrombosis can be stabbing pain in the leg, swelling, and bluish discoloration. “Common symptoms of a pulmonary embolism are shortness of breath and a sudden drop in performance,” says Schmidt. “Sufferers feel tired, no longer able to do their stuff, and the stairs come up.” Also the consciousness can be clouded. Who noticed such signs, it should not try to come independently to the hospital, the doctors. “Alert, you better get the ambulance.” It is, in fact, a pulmonary embolism, can be resolved with the ambulance service drugs, the blood clot.
How often are lung embolism, and how many people die from it?
Not every pulmonary embolism is fatal. “Detected in a timely manner, very many, easy to treat”, medical Schmidt. It becomes dangerous however, if major arteries are clogged. “The ends often fatal,” says the chief doctor. According to the Federal statistical office, 2015 was put at about 55,000 patients in the hospital, the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Approximately 6.291 patients died.
How is it treated?
In the case of an acute onset of pulmonary embolism can be given medications that dissolve the blood clot. “Even with a catheter, the blood clot may be destroyed,” says Schmidt. “Who is at risk of developing a thrombosis, over a longer period of anticoagulant drugs.”
Who is at risk?
Certain factors increase the risk of thrombosis and a pulmonary embolism. Especially people are concerned about, in their families, thrombosis already were more common. Also Obesity, Smoking, and a limited freedom of movement – for instance, on air travel, surgery, or bone fractures – are among the risk factors. “Who suffers from a clotting disorder, is also at risk,” says Schmidt. In women, the pill can increase the risk of thrombosis.
How can you prevent it?
“Generally speaking, a healthy lifestyle is the best prevention,” says Schmidt. A balanced diet and sports. So that the blood is not jammed inside, it is important to move on a regular basis. To stand around at work from time to time and go around. Even on long flight travels. Who takes the pill, you should stop Smoking. In the case of a well-known increased risk of thrombosis, it is advisable to use a different contraceptive method. Compression stockings to carry around on a long flight, wouldn’t doctors Schmidt recommend in any case. “Who already had a thrombosis, or is at risk, but should discuss with his doctor how he can protect himself,” he said. In sedentary situations – such as after a SURGERY can be counteracted to a risk of thrombosis by means of antiplatelet drugs. “Some of the grab before a flight, to Aspirin, to thin the blood and reduce the risk of a blood clot,” says Schmidt. “But this is of little sense.” The drug acting more on the arteries and not on the – in the case of a thrombosis of the affected venous vessels.