Unhealthy methods of weight control such as body cleansing, fasting and certain diets are associated with occurs over time health problems: digestive disorders, depression and substance abuse. A third of the adolescents and two thirds of adults adhere to any diet, according to U.S. data.
A new study by scientists from the University of Minnesota (University of Minnesota), focused on the study of the prevalence of different practices of weight control at different stages of human life. Scientists have discovered that often people start to resort to such methods in adolescence and in older age can only exacerbate this tendency.
The results of the study were published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.
American researchers analyzed the responses 1455 adult men and women who were asked about what diet they follow.
The study showed that:
- With increasing age the frequency of diet both in men and women.
- At the age of 25 years to 31 years for males had an increased frequency of treatment to diet (they started a diet five times a year and more) and more often started to use extreme forms of weight control, including body cleansing and diet pills.
- Both sexes are inclined in adulthood to stick to those diets and unhealthy practices of weight control, they began to observe in my youth
- About 20% of both sexes reported that they began to diet in adulthood.
- About 20% of women reported that in adulthood, said goodbye to unhealthy methods of weight loss.
Our results show that the dangerous methods of weight loss are not limited to the period of adolescence, they often continue after 15 years, govoriti research Diane Neumark-Steiner (Dianne Neumark-Sztainer).
Now many activities and programs that inform about the consequences of the unhealthy practice of weight control, focused exclusively on young people, so there are probably not enough such programs to end harmful , – said another study author Anne Haines (Ann Haynos).
At the moment Anne Chanos is continuing research to determine risk factors in adults, which can lead to unhealthy practices of weight control. These data will be used to design interventions for persons with higher risk of adverse outcome from the use of unhealthy practices of weight control.